List of current cardinals

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Cardinals are senior members of the clergy of the Catholic Church. They are almost always bishops and generally hold important roles within the church, such as leading prominent archdioceses or heading dicasteries within the Roman Curia. Cardinals are created in consistories by the pope, and one of their foremost duties is the election of a new pope – invariably from among their number, although not strictly a requirement – when the Holy See is vacant (sede vacante), following the death or resignation of the reigning pontiff. The body of all cardinals is collectively known as the College of Cardinals.

Under current ecclesiastical law, as defined by the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis, only cardinals who have not passed their 80th birthdays on the day on which the Holy See becomes vacant are eligible to participate in a papal conclave to elect a new pope. The same apostolic constitution also specifies a maximum of 120 cardinal electors who can participate in a conclave, but makes no provision in case this number is exceeded; this has often happened, although never at the time of a conclave. Cardinals may also be created in pectore ('in the breast'), in which case their identities are not publicly revealed by the pope; they do not enjoy the privileges of a cardinal until their names are published. The creations of any such cardinals who have not been revealed at the pope's death or resignation automatically lapse.

As of 1 October 2023, there are 242 cardinals, 136 of whom are cardinal electors. The most recent consistory for the creation of cardinals which was held on 30 September 2023, when Pope Francis created 21 cardinals, including 17 cardinal electors. Luis Ladaria Ferrer was the most recent cardinal elector to turn 80, on 19 April 2024; and Marc Ouellet will be the next cardinal elector to turn 80, on 8 June 2024. The most recent death of a cardinal was that of Pedro Rubiano Sáenz, on 15 April 2024, at the age of 91.

Cardinals

The College of Cardinals is divided into three orders, with formal precedence in the following sequence:

  1. Cardinal bishops (CB): the six cardinals who are assigned the titles of the seven suburbicarian dioceses in the vicinity of Rome by the pope, plus a few other cardinals who have been exceptionally co-opted into the order, as well as patriarchs who head one of the Eastern Catholic Churches. The two most senior cardinal bishops, who are elected by the cardinal bishops from among themselves (excluding the Eastern Catholic patriarchs) and approved by the pope, are the dean and the vice dean, currently Giovanni Battista Re and Leonardo Sandri, respectively. The latter is also the senior cardinal bishop among the cardinal electors.
  2. Cardinal priests (CP): bishops typically in charge of dioceses around the world, as well as former cardinal deacons who have opted to be elevated to the order. The most senior cardinal priest is the protopriest, currently Michael Michai Kitbunchu; among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal priest is Vinko Puljić and the Junior cardinal priest is Américo Aguiar.
  3. Cardinal deacons (CD): bishops who work in the Roman Curia or the diplomatic service of the Holy See, and all other clergy, including priests who have been granted a dispensation not to be consecrated a bishop. They have the choice (Latin: optatio) of opting to become cardinal priests after having been cardinal deacons for ten years. The most senior cardinal deacon is the protodeacon, currently Renato Martino; among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal deacon is James Michael Harvey and the junior cardinal deacon is Ángel Fernández Artime.

For cardinal bishops (excluding the Eastern Catholic patriarchs), the dean is first in precedence, followed by the vice-dean and then, in order of appointment as cardinal bishops, by the remainder. For cardinal bishops who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, for cardinal priests and for cardinal deacons, precedence is determined by the date of the consistory in which they were created cardinals and then by the order in which they appeared in the official announcement or bulletin.

All cardinals listed are members of the Latin Church unless otherwise stated. Cardinals belonging to institutes of consecrated life or to societies of apostolic life are indicated by the relevant post-nominal letters.

* Cardinals ineligible to participate in a papal conclave

Cardinal-Bishops (12 cardinals (4.96%); 6 electors (50%), 6 non-electors (50%))

Rank Name Country Born Order Consistory
1 Giovanni Battista Re* Italy (1934-01-30) 30 January 1934 (age 90) CB 21 February 2001
John Paul II
2 Leonardo Sandri Argentina (1943-11-18) 18 November 1943 (age 80) CB 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
3 Francis Arinze* Nigeria (1932-11-01) 1 November 1932 (age 91) CB 25 May 1985
John Paul II
4 Tarcisio Bertone SDB* Italy (1934-12-02) 2 December 1934 (age 89) CB 21 October 2003
John Paul II
5 José Saraiva Martins CMF* Portugal (1932-01-06) 6 January 1932 (age 92) CB 21 February 2001
John Paul II
6 Pietro Parolin Italy (1955-01-17) 17 January 1955 (age 69) CB 22 February 2014
Francis
7 Marc Ouellet PSS Canada (1944-06-08) 8 June 1944 (age 80) CB 21 October 2003
John Paul II
8 Fernando Filoni Italy (1946-04-15) 15 April 1946 (age 78) CB 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
9 Beniamino Stella* Italy (1941-08-18) 18 August 1941 (age 82) CB 22 February 2014
Francis
10 Luis Antonio Tagle Philippines (1957-06-21) 21 June 1957 (age 66) CB 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
11 Bechara Boutros al-Rahi OMM* Lebanon (1940-02-23) 23 February 1940 (age 84) CB 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
12 Louis Raphaël I Sako Iraq (1948-07-04) 4 July 1948 (age 75) CB 28 June 2018
Francis

Cardinal-Priests

Number Rank Name Country Born Order Consistory
1 13 Michael Michai Kitbunchu* Thailand (1929-01-25) 25 January 1929 (age 95) CP 2 February 1983

John Paul II

2 14 Alexandre do Nascimento* Angola (1925-03-01) 1 March 1925 (age 99) CP 2 February 1983

John Paul II

Thomas Williams* New Zealand (1930-03-20) 20 March 1930 (age 94) CP 2 February 1983

John Paul II

3 15 Paul Poupard* France (1930-08-30) 30 August 1930 (age 93) CP 25 May 1985

John Paul II

4 16 Friedrich Wetter* Germany (1928-02-20) 20 February 1928 (age 96) CP 25 May 1985

John Paul II

5 17 Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez* Dominican Republic (1936-10-31) 31 October 1936 (age 87) CP 28 June 1991

John Paul II

6 18 Roger Mahony* United States (1936-02-27) 27 February 1936 (age 88) CP 28 June 1991

John Paul II

7 19 Camillo Ruini* Italy (1931-02-19) 19 February 1931 (age 93) CP 28 June 1991

John Paul II

8 20 Julius Darmaatmadja SJ* Indonesia (1934-12-20) 20 December 1934 (age 89) CP 26 November 1994

John Paul II

9 21 Emmanuel Wamala* Uganda (1926-12-15) 15 December 1926 (age 97) CP 26 November 1994

John Paul II

10 22 Adam Maida* United States (1930-03-18) 18 March 1930 (age 94) CP 26 November 1994

John Paul II

11 23 Vinko Puljić Bosnia and Herzegovina (1945-09-08) 8 September 1945 (age 78) CP 26 November 1994

John Paul II

12 24 Juan Sandoval Íñiguez* Mexico (1933-03-28) 28 March 1933 (age 91) CP 26 November 1994

John Paul II

13 25 James Stafford* United States (1932-07-26) 26 July 1932 (age 91) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

14 26 Salvatore De Giorgi* Italy (1930-09-06) 6 September 1930 (age 93) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

15 27 Antonio María Rouco Varela* Spain (1936-08-20) 20 August 1936 (age 87) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

16 28 Polycarp Pengo Tanzania (1944-08-05) 5 August 1944 (age 79) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

17 29 Christoph Schönborn OP Austria (1945-01-22) 22 January 1945 (age 79) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

18 30 Norberto Rivera Carrera* Mexico (1942-06-06) 6 June 1942 (age 82) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

19 31 Jānis Pujats* Latvia (1930-11-14) 14 November 1930 (age 93) CP 21 February 1998

John Paul II

20 32 Crescenzio Sepe* Italy (1943-06-02) 2 June 1943 (age 81) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

21 33 Walter Kasper* Germany (1933-03-05) 5 March 1933 (age 91) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

22 34 Audrys Bačkis* Lithuania (1937-02-01) 1 February 1937 (age 87) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

23 35 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa ISch* Chile (1933-09-05) 5 September 1933 (age 90) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

24 36 Wilfrid Fox Napier OFM* South Africa (1941-03-08) 8 March 1941 (age 83) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

25 37 Óscar Rodríguez Maradiaga SDB* Honduras (1942-12-29) 29 December 1942 (age 81) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

26 38 Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne Peru (1943-12-28) 28 December 1943 (age 80) CP 21 February 2001

John Paul II

27 39 Julián Herranz Casado* Spain (1930-03-31) 31 March 1930 (age 94) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

28 40 Angelo Scola* Italy (1941-11-07) 7 November 1941 (age 82) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

29 41 Anthony Olubunmi Okogie* Nigeria (1936-06-16) 16 June 1936 (age 87) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

30 42 Gabriel Zubeir Wako* Sudan (1941-02-27) 27 February 1941 (age 83) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

31 43 Justin Rigali* United States (1935-04-19) 19 April 1935 (age 89) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

32 44 Ennio Antonelli* Italy (1936-11-18) 18 November 1936 (age 87) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

33 45 Peter Turkson Ghana (1948-10-11) 11 October 1948 (age 75) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

34 46 Josip Bozanić Croatia (1949-03-20) 20 March 1949 (age 75) CP

21 October 2003 John Paul II

35 47 Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Mẫn* Vietnam (1934-03-05) 5 March 1934 (age 90) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

36 48 Philippe Barbarin France (1950-10-17) 17 October 1950 (age 73) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

37 49 Péter Erdő Hungary (1952-06-25) 25 June 1952 (age 71) CP 21 October 2003

John Paul II

38 50 Franc Rodé CM* Slovenia (1934-09-23) 23 September 1934 (age 89) CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
39 51 Agostino Vallini* Italy (1940-04-17) 17 April 1940 (age 84) CP 24 March 2006

Benedict XVI

40 52 Gaudencio Rosales* Philippines (1932-08-10) 10 August 1932 (age 91) CP 24 March 2006

Benedict XVI

41 53 Jean-Pierre Ricard France (1944-09-25) 25 September 1944 (age 79) CP 24 March 2006

Benedict XVI

42 54 Antonio Cañizares Llovera Spain (1945-10-15) 15 October 1945 (age 78) CP

24 March 2006 Benedict XVI

43 55 Seán Patrick O'Malley OFMCap United States (1944-06-29) 29 June 1944 (age 79) CP 24 March 2006

Benedict XVI

44 56 Stanisław Dziwisz* Poland (1939-04-27) 27 April 1939 (age 85) CP 24 March 2006

Benedict XVI

45 57

Joseph Zen Ze-kiun SDB*

China
Hong Kong
(1932-01-13) 13 January 1932 (age 92) CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
46 58 Giovanni Lajolo* Italy (1935-01-03) 3 January 1935 (age 89) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

47 59 Angelo Comastri Italy (1943-09-17) 17 September 1943 (age 80) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

48 60 Stanisław Ryłko Poland (1945-07-04) 4 July 1945 (age 78) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

49 61 Raffaele Farina SDB* Italy (1933-09-24) 24 September 1933 (age 90) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

50 62 Seán Brady* Ireland (1939-08-16) 16 August 1939 (age 84) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

51 63 Lluís Martínez Sistach* Spain (1937-04-29) 29 April 1937 (age 87) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

52 64 André Vingt-Trois* France (1942-11-07) 7 November 1942 (age 81) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

53 65 Angelo Bagnasco* Italy (1943-01-14) 14 January 1943 (age 81) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

54 66 Théodore-Adrien Sarr* Senegal (1936-11-28) 28 November 1936 (age 87) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

55 67 Oswald Gracias India (1944-12-24) 24 December 1944 (age 79) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

56 68 Francisco Robles Ortega Mexico (1949-03-02) 2 March 1949 (age 75) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

57 69 Daniel DiNardo United States (1949-05-23) 23 May 1949 (age 75) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

58 70 Odilo Scherer Brazil (1949-09-21) 21 September 1949 (age 74) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

59 71 John Njue Kenya 1944 (age 79–80) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

60 72 Estanislao Esteban Karlic* Argentina (1926-02-07) 7 February 1926 (age 98) CP 24 November 2007

Benedict XVI

61 73 Angelo Amato SDB* Italy (1938-08-08) 8 August 1938 (age 85) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

62 74 Robert Sarah Guinea (1945-06-15) 15 June 1945 (age 79) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

63 75 Francesco Monterisi* Italy (1934-05-28) 28 May 1934 (age 90) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

64 76 Raymond Leo Burke United States (1948-06-30) 30 June 1948 (age 75)

CP

20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

65 77 Kurt Koch Switzerland (1950-03-15) 15 March 1950 (age 74) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

66 78 Mauro Piacenza Italy (1944-09-15) 15 September 1944 (age 79) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

67 79 Gianfranco Ravasi* Italy (1942-10-18) 18 October 1942 (age 81) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

68 80 Paolo Romeo* Italy (1938-02-20) 20 February 1938 (age 86) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

69 81 Donald Wuerl* United States (1940-11-12) 12 November 1940 (age 83) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

70 82 Raymundo Damasceno Assis* Brazil (1937-02-15) 15 February 1937 (age 87) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

71 83 Kazimierz Nycz Poland (1950-02-01) 1 February 1950 (age 74) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

72 84 Malcolm Ranjith Sri Lanka (1947-11-15) 15 November 1947 (age 76) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

73 85 Reinhard Marx Germany (1953-09-21) 21 September 1953 (age 70) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

74 86 Walter Brandmüller* Germany (1929-01-05) 5 January 1929 (age 95) CP 20 November 2010

Benedict XVI

75 87 Manuel Monteiro de Castro* Portugal (1938-03-29) 29 March 1938 (age 86) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

76 88 Santos Abril y Castelló* Spain (1935-09-21) 21 September 1935 (age 88) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

77 89 Antonio Maria Vegliò* Italy (1938-02-03) 3 February 1938 (age 86) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

78 90 Giuseppe Bertello* Italy (1942-10-01) 1 October 1942 (age 81) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

79 91 Francesco Coccopalmerio* Italy (1938-03-06) 6 March 1938 (age 86) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

80 92 João Braz de Aviz Brazil (1947-04-24) 24 April 1947 (age 77) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

81 93 Edwin Frederick O'Brien* United States (1939-04-08) 8 April 1939 (age 85) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

82 94 Domenico Calcagno* Italy (1943-02-03) 3 February 1943 (age 81) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

83 95 Giuseppe Versaldi Italy (1943-07-30) 30 July 1943 (age 80) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

84 96 George Alencherry India (1945-04-19) 19 April 1945 (age 79) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

85 97 Thomas Collins Canada (1947-01-16) 16 January 1947 (age 77) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

86 98 Dominik Duka OP* Czech Republic (1943-04-26) 26 April 1943 (age 81) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

87 99 Willem Jacobus Eijk Netherlands (1953-06-22) 22 June 1953 (age 70) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

88 100 Giuseppe Betori Italy (1947-02-25) 25 February 1947 (age 77) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

89 101 Timothy Michael Dolan United States (1950-02-06) 6 February 1950 (age 74) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

90 102 Rainer Woelki Germany (1956-08-18) 18 August 1956 (age 67) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

91 103 John Tong Hon* Hong Kong

(China)

(1939-07-31) 31 July 1939 (age 84) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

92 104 Lucian Mureșan* Romania (1931-05-23) 23 May 1931 (age 93) CP 18 February 2012

Benedict XVI

93 105 Baselios Cleemis India (1959-06-15) 15 June 1959 (age 65) CP 24 November 2012

Benedict XVI

94 106 John Onaiyekan Nigeria (1944-01-29) 29 January 1944 (age 80) CP 24 November 2012

Benedict XVI

95 107 Rubén Salazar Gómez* Colombia (1942-09-22) 22 September 1942 (age 81) CP 24 November 2012

Benedict XVI

96 108 Vincent Gerard Nichols United Kingdom (1945-11-08) 8 November 1945 (age 78) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

97 109 Leopoldo Brenes Nicaragua (1949-03-07) 7 March 1949 (age 75) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

98 110 Gérald Lacroix ISPX Canada (1957-07-27) 27 July 1957 (age 66) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

99 111 Jean-Pierre Kutwa Ivory Coast (1945-03-22) 22 March 1945 (age 79) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

100 112 Orani João Tempesta OCist Brazil (1950-06-23) 23 June 1950 (age 73) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

101 113 Gualtiero Bassetti* Italy (1942-04-07) 7 April 1942 (age 82) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

102 114 Mario Aurelio Poli Argentina (1947-11-29) 29 November 1947 (age 76) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

103 115 Andrew Yeom Soo-jung South Korea (1943-12-05) 5 December 1943 (age 80) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

104 116 Ricardo Ezzati SDB* Chile (1942-01-07) 7 January 1942 (age 82) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

105 117 Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo Burkina Faso

(1945-01-25) 25 January 1945 (age 79)

CP 22 February 2014

Francis

106 118 Orlando Quevedo OMI* Philippines (1939-03-11) 11 March 1939 (age 85) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

107 119 Chibly Langlois Haiti (1956-11-29) 29 November 1956 (age 67) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

108 120 Kelvin Edward Felix* Saint Lucia (1933-02-15) 15 February 1933 (age 91) CP 22 February 2014

Francis

109 121 Manuel Clemente Portugal (1948-07-16) 16 July 1948 (age 75) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

110 122 Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel CM Ethiopia (1948-07-14) 14 July 1948 (age 75) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

111 123 John Dew

New Zealand

(1948-05-05) 5 May 1948 (age 76) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

112 124 Edoardo Menichelli* Italy (1939-10-14) 14 October 1939 (age 84) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

113 125 Pierre Nguyễn Văn Nhơn* Vietnam (1938-04-01) 1 April 1938 (age 86) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

114 126 Alberto Suárez Inda* Mexico (1939-01-30) 30 January 1939 (age 85) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

115 127 Charles Maung Bo SDB Myanmar (1948-10-29) 29 October 1948 (age 75) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

116 128 Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij Thailand (1949-06-27) 27 June 1949 (age 74) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

117 129 Francesco Montenegro Italy (1946-05-22) 22 May 1946 (age 78) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

118 130 Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet SDB Uruguay (1959-07-04) 4 July 1959 (age 64) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

119 131 Ricardo Blázquez Pérez* Spain (1942-04-13) 13 April 1942 (age 82) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

120 132 José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán OAR Panama (1944-02-24) 24 February 1944 (age 80) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

121 133 Arlindo Gomes Furtado Cape Verde (1949-11-15) 15 November 1949 (age 74) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

122 134 Soane Patita Paini Mafi Tonga

(1961-12-19) 19 December 1961 (age 62)

CP 14 February 2015

Francis

123 135 Luis Héctor Villalba* Argentina (1934-10-11) 11 October 1934 (age 89) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

124 136 Júlio Duarte Langa* Mozambique (1927-10-27) 27 October 1927 (age 96) CP 14 February 2015

Francis

125 137 Dieudonné Nzapalainga CSSp Central African Republic (1967-03-14) 14 March 1967 (age 57) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

126 138 Carlos Osoro Sierra Spain (1945-05-16) 16 May 1945 (age 79) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

127 139 Sérgio da Rocha Brazil (1959-10-21) 21 October 1959 (age 64) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

128 140 Blase Joseph Cupich United States

(1949-03-19) 19 March 1949 (age 75)

CP 19 November 2016

Francis

129 141 Patrick D'Rozario CSC Bangladesh (1943-10-01) 1 October 1943 (age 80) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

130 142 Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo Venezuela (1944-10-10) 10 October 1944 (age 79) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

131 143 Jozef De Kesel Belgium (1947-06-17) 17 June 1947 (age 76) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

132 144 Maurice Piat CSSp* Mauritius (1941-07-19) 19 July 1941 (age 82) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

133 145 Carlos Aguiar Retes Mexico (1950-01-19) 19 January 1950 (age 74) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

134 146 John Ribat MSC Papua New Guinea (1957-02-09) 9 February 1957 (age 67) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

135 147 Joseph William Tobin CSsR United States (1952-05-03) 3 May 1952 (age 72) CP 19 November 2016

Francis

136 148 Jean Zerbo Mali (1943-12-27) 27 December 1943 (age 80)

CP

28 June 2017

Francis

137 149 Juan José Omella Omella Spain (1946-04-21) 21 April 1946 (age 78) CP 28 June 2017

Francis

138 150 Anders Arborelius OCD Sweden (1949-09-24) 24 September 1949 (age 74) CP 28 June 2017

Francis

139 151 Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun IVD Laos (1944-04-08) 8 April 1944 (age 80) CP 28 June 2017

Francis

140 152 Gregorio Rosa Chávez* El Salvador (1942-09-03) 3 September 1942 (age 81) CP 28 June 2017

Francis

141 153 Angelo De Donatis Italy (1954-01-04) 4 January 1954 (age 70) CP 28 June 2018

Francis

142 154 Joseph Coutts Pakistan (1945-07-21) 21 July 1945 (age 78) CP 28 June 2018

Francis

143 155 António Augusto dos Santos Marto Portugal

5 May 1947 (age 76)

CP 28 June 2018

Francis

144 156

Pedro Ricardo Barreto Jimeno SJ

Peru 12 February 1944

(age 79)

CP 28 June 2018

Francis

145 157 Désiré Tsarahazana Madagascar 13 June 1954

(age 69)

CP 28 June 2018

Francis

146 158 Giuseppe Petrocchi Italy 19 August 1948

(age 74)

CP 28 June 2018

Francis

147 159 Thomas Aquino Manyo Maeda Japan 3 March 1949

(age 74)

CP 28 June 2018

Francis

148 160 Toribio Ticona Porco* Bolivia 25 April 1937

(age 86)

CP 28 June 2018

Francis

149 161 Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo Indonesia 9 July 1950

(age 73)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

150 162 Juan de la Caridad García Rodríguez Cuba 11 July 1948

(age 75)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

151 163 Fridolin Ambongo Besungu OFMCap Democratic Republic of the Congo

24 January 1960 (age 63)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

152 164 Jean-Claude Hollerich SJ Luxembourg 9 August 1958

(age 64)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

153 165 Álvaro Leonel Ramazzini Imeri Guatemala 16 July 1947

(age 75)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

154 166 Matteo Zuppi Italy 11 October 1955

(age 67)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

155 167 Cristóbal López Romero SDB Morocco 19 May 1952

(age 71)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

156 168 Sigitas Tamkevičius SJ* Lithuania 7 November 1938

(age 84)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

157 169 Eugenio Dal Corso PSDP* Angola 16 May 1939

(age 84)

CP 5 October 2019

Francis

158 170 Antoine Kambanda Rwanda 10 November 1958

(age 64)

CP 28 November 2020

Francis

159 171 Wilton Daniel Gregory United States 7 December 1947

(age 75)

CP 28 November 2020

Francis

160 172

Jose Advincula OP

Philippines 30 March 1952

(age 71)

CP 28 November 2020

Francis

161 173 Celestino Aós Braco OFMCap Chile 6 April 1945

(age 78)

CP 28 November 2020

Francis

162 174 Augusto Paolo Lojudice Italy 1 July 1964

(age 59)

CP 28 November 2020

Francis

163 175 Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel* Mexico 1 May 1940

(age 83)

CP 28 November 2020

Francis

164 176 Jean-Marc Aveline France 26 December 1958

(age 64)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

165 177 Peter Ebere Okpaleke Nigeria 1 March 1963

(age 60)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

166 178 Leonardo Ulrich Steiner OFM Brazil 6 November 1950

(age 72)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

167 179 Filipe Neri António Sebastião do Rosário Ferrão India 20 January 1953

(age 70)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

168 180 Robert Walter McElroy United States 5 February 1954

(age 69)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

169 181 Virgilio do Carmo da Silva SDB East Timor 27 November 1967

(age 55)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

170 182 Oscar Cantoni Italy 1 September 1950

(age 72)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

171 183 Anthony Poola India 15 November 1961

(age 61)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

172 184 Paulo Cezar Costa Brazil 20 July 1967

(age 55)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

173 185 William Goh Seng Chye Singapore 25 June 1957

(age 66)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

174 186 Adalberto Martínez Flores Paraguay 8 July 1951

(age 72)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

175 187 Giorgio Marengo IMC Mongolia 7 June 1974

(age 49)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

176 188 Jorge Enrique Jiménez Carvajal CJM* Colombia 29 March 1942

(age 81)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

177 189 Arrigo Miglio* Italy 18 July 1942

(age 80)

CP 27 August 2022

Francis

178 190

Pierbattista Pizzaballa

Palestine 21 April 1965 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

179 191 Stephen Brislin South Africa 24 September 1956 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

180 192 Ángel Sixto Rossi SJ Argentina 11 August 1958 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

181 193 Luis José Rueda Aparicio Colombia 3 March 1962

CP

30 September 2023

Francis

182 194 Grzegorz Ryś Poland

9 February 1964

CP 30 September 2023

Francis

183 195 Stephen Ameyu Martin Mulla South Sudan 10 January 1964 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

184 196 José Cobo Cano Spain 20 September 1965 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

185 197 Protase Rugambwa Tanzania 31 May 1960 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

186 198 Sebastian Francis Malaysia 11 November 1951 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

187 199 Stephen Chow Sau-yan SJ China
(Hong Kong)
7 August 1959 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

188 200 François-Xavier Bustillo OFM Conv France 23 November 1968 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

189 201 Américo Aguiar Portugal 12 December 1973 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

190 202 Diego Rafael Padrón Sánchez* Venezuela 17 May 1939 CP 30 September 2023

Francis

Cardinal-Deacons

No. Rank Name Country Born Order Consistory
1 203 Renato Martino* Italy (1932-11-23) 23 November 1932 (age 91) CD 21 October 2003
John Paul II
2 204 James Michael Harvey United States (1949-10-20) 20 October 1949 (age 74) CD 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
3 205 Lorenzo Baldisseri* Italy (1940-09-29) 29 September 1940 (age 83) CD 22 February 2014
Francis
4 206 Gerhard Ludwig Müller Germany (1947-12-31) 31 December 1947 (age 76) CD 22 February 2014
Francis
5 207 Dominique Mamberti France (1952-03-07) 7 March 1952 (age 72) CD 14 February 2015
Francis
6 208 Mario Zenari Italy (1946-01-05) 5 January 1946 (age 78) CD 19 November 2016
Francis
7 209 Kevin Farrell United States (1947-09-02) 2 September 1947 (age 76) CD 19 November 2016
Francis
8 210 Ernest Simoni* Albania (1928-10-18) 18 October 1928 (age 95) CD 19 November 2016
Francis
9 211 Luis Ladaria Ferrer SJ Spain (1944-04-19) 19 April 1944 (age 80) CD 28 June 2018
Francis
10 212 Giovanni Angelo Becciu* Italy (1948-06-02) 2 June 1948 (age 76) CD 28 June 2018
Francis
11 213 Konrad Krajewski Poland (1963-09-25) 25 September 1963 (age 60) CD 28 June 2018
Francis
12 214 Aquilino Bocos Merino CMF* Spain (1938-05-17) 17 May 1938 (age 86) CD 28 June 2018
Francis
13 215 Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot MCCJ Spain (1952-06-17) 17 June 1952 (age 71) CD 5 October 2019
Francis
14 216 José Tolentino de Mendonça Portugal (1965-12-15) 15 December 1965 (age 58) CD 5 October 2019
Francis
15 217 Michael Czerny SJ Canada (1946-07-18) 18 July 1946 (age 77) CD 5 October 2019
Francis
16 218 Michael Fitzgerald MAfr* United Kingdom (1937-08-17) 17 August 1937 (age 86) CD 5 October 2019
Francis
17 219 Mario Grech Malta (1957-02-20) 20 February 1957 (age 67) CD 28 November 2020
Francis
18 220 Marcello Semeraro Italy (1947-12-22) 22 December 1947 (age 76) CD 28 November 2020
Francis
19 221 Mauro Gambetti OFMConv Italy (1965-10-27) 27 October 1965 (age 58) CD 28 November 2020
Francis
20 222 Silvano Maria Tomasi CS* Italy (1940-10-12) 12 October 1940 (age 83) CD 28 November 2020
Francis
21 223 Raniero Cantalamessa OFMCap* Italy (1934-07-22) 22 July 1934 (age 89) CD 28 November 2020
Francis
22 224 Enrico Feroci* Italy (1940-08-27) 27 August 1940 (age 83) CD 28 November 2020
Francis
23 225 Arthur Roche United Kingdom (1950-03-06) 6 March 1950 (age 74) CD 27 August 2022
Francis
24 226 Lazzaro You Heung-sik South Korea (1951-11-17) 17 November 1951 (age 72) CD 27 August 2022
Francis
25 227 Fernando Vérgez Alzaga LC Spain (1945-03-01) 1 March 1945 (age 79) CD 27 August 2022
Francis
26 228 Gianfranco Ghirlanda SJ* Italy (1942-07-05) 5 July 1942 (age 81) CD 27 August 2022
Francis
27 229 Fortunato Frezza* Italy (1942-02-06) 6 February 1942 (age 82) CD 27 August 2022
Francis
28 230 Robert Francis Prevost OSA United States (1955-09-14) 14 September 1955 (age 68) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
29 231 Claudio Gugerotti Italy (1955-10-07) 7 October 1955 (age 68) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
30 232 Víctor Manuel Fernández Argentina (1962-07-18) 18 July 1962 (age 61) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
31 233 Emil Paul Tscherrig Switzerland (1947-02-03) 3 February 1947 (age 77) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
32 234 Christophe Pierre France (1946-01-30) 30 January 1946 (age 78) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
33 235 Ángel Fernández Artime SDB Spain (1960-08-21) 21 August 1960 (age 63) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
34 236 Agostino Marchetto* Italy (1940-08-28) 28 August 1940 (age 83) CD 30 September 2023
Francis
35 237 Luis Pascual Dri OFM Cap* Argentina (1927-04-17) 17 April 1927 (age 97) CD 30 September 2023
Francis


Demographics of the College of Cardinals

At present, 136 of 241 cardinals are eligible to participate in a papal conclave. The number of votes required to be elected pope with a two-thirds supermajority, if all 136 cardinal electors were to participate (notwithstanding the maximum of 120 specified in Universi Dominici gregis), would be 81.

This table indicates the number of current cardinals created by each pope and belonging to each order of the College.

By Pope

No. Pope Electors Total Non Electors Total All Total
CB

(%)

CP

(%)

CD

(%)

CB

(%)

CP

(%)

CD

(%)

CB

(%)

CP

(%)

CD

(%)

264 John Paul II

(1978–2005)

1

(11.11%) (16.67%)

8

(88.189%) (7.41%)

0

(0%) (16.67%)

9

(100%) (16.67%)

4

(80%) (66.67%)

32

(86.49%) (37.21%)

1

(2.7%) (66.67%)

37

(100%) (66.67%)

5

(10.42%) (41.67%)

40

(86.96%) (20.62%)

1

(2.7%) (2.86%)

46

(100%) (18.67%)

265 Benedict XVI

(2005–2013)

3

(10.34%) (50%)

25

(86.21%) (42.37%)

1

(11.11%) (16.67%)

29

(100%) (21.32%)

1

(25%) (16.67%)

34

(39.53%) (39.53%)

0

(0%) (66.67%)

35

(100%) (33.33%)

4

(6.25%) (33.33%)

59

(86.21%) (30.41%)

1

(11.11%) (2.86%)

64

(100%) (26.56%)

266 Francis

(2013–present)

2

(66.67%) (33.33%)

75

(76.53%) (78.95%)

21

(11.11%) (16.67%)

98

(100%) (72.06%)

1

(33.33%) (16.67%)

20

(23.86%) (23.26%)

12

(80%) (66.67%)

33

(80%) (21.43%)

3

(25%) (33.33%)

95

(76.53%) (48.97%)

33

(11.11%) (94.29%)

131

(100%) (54.36%)

Total 6

(100%) (4.41%)

108

(100%) (16.67%)

22

(100%) (16.18%)

136

(100%) (40.66%)

6

(100%) (5.71%)

86

(100%) (81.9%)

13

(100%) (12.36%)

105

(100%) (100%)

12

(100%) (4.98%)

194

(100%) (80.5%)

35

(100%) (14.52%)

241

(100%) (100%)

By Order

Bishops

No. Pope Electors Non Electors Total
Number

(Percentage)

Number

(Percentage)

264 John Paul II

(1978–2005)

1

(20%) (16.67%)

4

(80%) (66.67%)

5

(100%) (41.67%)

265 Benedict XVI

(2005–2013)

3

(75%) (50%)

1

(25%) (16.67%)

4

(100%) (33.33%)

266 Francis

(2013–present)

2

(66.67%) (33.33%)

1

(33.33%) (16.67%)

3

(100%) (25%)

Total 6

(50%)

6

(50%)

12

(100%)

Cardinmal-Priests

No. Pope Electors Non Electors Total
Number

(Percentage)

Number

(Percentage)

264 John Paul II

(1978–2005)

8

(20%)

32

(80%)

40

(100%) (20.62%)

265 Benedict XVI

(2005–2013)

25

(42.37%)

34

(57.63%)

59

(100%) (30.41%)

266 Francis

(2013–present)

75

(78.95%)

20

(21.05%)

95

(100%) (48.97%)

Total 108

(100%) (55.67%)

86

(100%) (44.33%)

194

(100%) (100%)

Cardinal Deacons

Pope Electors Non Electors
No. Name Number

(Percentage)

Number

(Percentage)

Total
264 John Paul II

(1978–2005)

0

(0.00%)

1

(100%)

1

(100%)

265 Benedict XVI

(2005–2013)

1

(100%)

0

(0.00%)

1

(100%)

266 Francis

(2013–present)

21

(63.64%)

12

(36.36$)

33

(100%)

Total 22

(100%) (62.86%)

13

(100%) (37.14%)

35

(100%)

Cardinals by particular church sui iuris[edit]

While most cardinals belong to the Latin Church, which encompasses the vast majority of Catholics, a small number of cardinals belong to one of the twenty-three autonomous (sui iuris) Eastern Catholic Churches. At present, there are six Eastern Catholic cardinals, including four cardinal electors, belonging to six particular churches sui iuris:

  • Béchara Boutros Raï (Maronite Church)
  • Louis Raphaël I Sako (Chaldean Church), cardinal elector
  • George Alencherry (Syro-Malabar Church), cardinal elector
  • Lucian Mureșan (Romanian Greek Church)
  • Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal (Syro-Malankara Church), cardinal elector
  • Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel (Ethiopian Church), cardinal elector
Particular church sui iuris All cardinals Cardinal electors
Latin Church (Western) 216 117
Eastern Churches Chaldean Church 1 1
Ethiopian Church 1 1
Maronite Church 1 0
Romanian Greek Church 1 0
Syro-Malabar Church 1 1
Syro-Malankara Church 1 1
Total 6 4
Total 222 121

Cardinals by institute of consecrated life or society of apostolic life

At present, there are 52 cardinals, including 29 cardinal electors, who are members of the religious life, representing 28 institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life. Common names for members, if different, are given in brackets in this table.

Post-nominal Institute or society All cardinals Cardinal electors
CJM Congregation of Jesus and Mary (Eudists) 1 0
CM Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians, Lazarists) 2 1
CMF Congregation of Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Claretians) 2 0
CS Congregation of the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo (Scalabrinians) 1 0
CSC Congregation of Holy Cross (Holy Cross Fathers) 1 1
CSSp Congregation of the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost Fathers, Spiritans) 2 1
CSsR Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) 1 1
IMC Institute of Consolata Missionaries 1 1
ISch Institute of Schönstatt Fathers 1 0
ISPX Pius X Secular Institute 1 1
IVD Voluntas Dei Institute 1 1
LC Congregation of the Legionaries of Christ 1 1
MAfr Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers) 1 0
MCCJ Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus 1 1
MSC Missionaries of the Sacred Heart 1 1
OAR Order of Augustinian Recollects 1 1
OCD Order of Discalced Carmelites 1 1
OCist Order of Cistercians 1 1
OFM Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) 2 1
OFMCap Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Capuchins) 4 3
OFMConv Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans) 1 1
OMI Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates) 1 0
OMM Mariamite Maronite Order (Aleppians) 1 0
OP Order of Preachers (Dominicans) 3 2
PSDP Poor Servants of Divine Providence 1 0
PSS Society of the Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians) 1 1
SDB Society of Saint Francis de Sales (Salesians) 10 4
SJ Society of Jesus (Jesuits) 7 4
(none) Secular clergy 170 92
Total 222 121

Cardinals by continent

For the purposes of this article, countries are grouped into continents generally according to the regions of the United Nations geoscheme; for the region of the Americas, North America comprises the subregions of Northern America, Central America and the Caribbean, while South America comprises the remaining subregion of the same name. Statistics for the global distribution of Catholics are taken from the 2021 edition of the Annuarium Statisticum Ecclesiae (Statistical Yearbook of the Church).

Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors Percentage of global Catholic population (2021)
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Africa 26 11.7% 16 13.2% 19%
North America 35 15.8% 21 17.4% 21%
South America 24 10.8% 14 11.6% 27%
Asia 31 14.0% 21 17.4% 11%
Europe 102 45.9% 46 38.0% 21%
Oceania 4 1.8% 3 2.5% 1%
Total 222 100.0% 121 100.0% 100%

Cardinals by country

At present, 88 countries are represented in the College of Cardinals, including 65 with at least one cardinal elector. The countries with the greatest numbers of cardinals are Italy (forty-seven), the United States (sixteen), and Spain (twelve). Among the cardinal electors, the countries with the greatest numbers are Italy (fifteen), the United States (ten), and Brazil and Spain jointly (six each).

Country Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors
Albania Europe 1 0
Angola Africa 2 0
Argentina South America 4 2
Austria Europe 1 1
Bangladesh Asia 1 1
Belgium Europe 1 1
Bolivia South America 1 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 1 1
Brazil South America

8

6
Burkina Faso Africa 1 1
Canada North America 4 4
Cape Verde Africa 1 1
Central African Republic Africa 1 1
Chile

South America

3 1
Colombia South America 3 0
Cuba North America 1 1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 1 1
Croatia Europe 1 1
Czech Republic Europe 1 0
Dominican Republic North America 1 0
East Timor Asia 1 1
El Salvador North America 1 0
Ethiopia Africa 1 1
France Europe 6 4
Germany Europe 7 3
Ghana Africa 1 1
Guatemala North America 1 1
Guinea Africa 1 1
Haiti North America 1 1
Honduras North America 1 0
Hong Kong (China) Asia 2 0
Hungary Europe 1 1
India Asia 6 5
Indonesia Asia 2 1
Iraq Asia 1 1
Ireland Europe 1 0
Italy Europe 47 15
Ivory Coast Africa 1 1
Japan Asia 1 1
Kenya Africa 1 1
South Korea Asia 2 2
Laos Asia 1 1
Latvia Europe 1 0
Lebanon Asia 1 0
Lithuania Europe 2 0
Luxembourg Europe 1 1
Madagascar Africa 1 1
Mali Africa 1 1
Malta Europe 1 1
Mauritius Africa 1 0
Mexico North America 6 2
Mongolia Asia 1 1
Morocco Africa 1 1
Mozambique Africa 1 0
Myanmar Asia 1 1
Netherlands Europe 1 1
New Zealand Oceania 2 1
Nicaragua North America 1 1
Nigeria Africa 4 2
Pakistan Asia 1 1
Panama North America 1 1
Paraguay South America 1 1
Papua New Guinea Oceania 1 1
Peru South America 2 2
Philippines Asia 4 2
Poland Europe 4 3
Portugal Europe 5 3
Romania Europe 1 0
Rwanda Africa 1 1
Saint Lucia North America 1 0
Senegal Africa 1 0
Singapore Asia 1 1
Slovenia Europe 1 0
South Africa Africa 1 0
Spain Europe 12 6
Sri Lanka Asia 1 1
Sudan Africa 1 0
Sweden Europe 1

1

Switzerland Europe 1 1
Tanzania Africa 1 1
Thailand Asia 2 1
Tonga Oceania 1 1
Uganda Africa 1 0
United Kingdom Europe 3 2
United States North America 16 10
Uruguay South America 1 1
Venezuela South America 1 1
Vietnam Asia 2 0
Total 222 121